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新概念英语二册笔记17

编辑:Yuting来源:英语爱好者点击:1日期:2010-01-18

§ Lesson 17 Always young 青春常驻
【New words and expressions】 生词和短语
★appear v. 登场, 扮演
appear : 显示, 露面 反义词 : disappear(都是不及物动词)
The plane disappeared.
The plane appeared.
The actor appeared.
appear as : 扮演...角色
He appeared as a prince.(王子)
on the stage;在舞台上
appear on the stage as....(扮演的确切表达)
My aunt appeared on the stage as a young girl.
I work as a teacher.(最常用的介绍某人做什么工作的)
She worked as a nurse.
appear : 露面, 显得(系动词)后面直接加形容词
He appears nervous.他显得很紧张(看起来)
He appears happy.
I appears tired.
★stage n. 舞台
on the stage : 在舞台上
in the stage : 在某一阶段(时期)
★bright adj. 鲜艳的
bright red : 鲜红色
bright yellow : 明黄色
bright blue : 宝蓝色
★stocking n. (女用)长筒袜 (棉的, 绒的, 并不是现在的丝袜)
★sock n. 短袜
【Text】
Lesson 17 Always young 青春常驻
First listen and then answer the question.听录音, 然后回答以下问题.
Why doesn't Aunt Jennifer tell anyone how old she is?
My aunt Jennifer is an actress. She must be at least thirty-five years old. In spite of this, she often appears on the stage as a young girl. Jennifer will have to take part in a new play soon. This time, she will be a girl of seventeen. In the play, she must appear in a bright red dress and long black stockings. Last year in another play, she had to wear short socks and a bright, orange-coloured dress. If anyone ever asks her how old she is, she always answers, 'Darling, it must be terrible to be grown up!'
参考译文
我的姑姑詹妮弗是位演员, 她至少也有35岁了. 尽管如此, 她却常在舞台上扮演小姑娘. 詹妮弗很快又要参加一个新剧的演出. 这一次, 她将扮演一个17岁的少女. 演出时她必须穿一条鲜红色的裙子和黑色的长筒袜. 去年在演另一个剧时, 她不得不穿短袜和一件鲜艳的橘红色的衣服. 一旦有人问起她有多大年纪, 她总是回答 : “亲爱的, 长成大人真可怕啊!”
【课文讲解】
actress : 女演员 : 以-ress结尾的, 是女性
actor : 男演员 : 以-or,-er结尾的, 是男性
waiter : 男服务员 waitress : 女服务员
prince : 王子   princess : 公主
god:神(God:上帝,注意 “G” 大写)goddess : 女神
lion : 公狮子   lioness : 母狮子
doctor : 男医生  woman doctor : 女医生
thirty-five years old : 三十五岁
must be
must 动词原形 : “不得不, 必须 : (对现在的)推测”
least……little的最高级 “至少, 最少”
at most…… “最多”
She is fifteen years old. 她五岁了 She must be fifteen years old. 她很可能五岁
She must be at most fifteen years old. 她最多五岁
She must be at least fifteen years old. 她至少五岁
She must be a model.
in spite of : 尽管 (“of” 为介词, 后面一定会加名词或代词)
in spite of this : 尽管如此
In spite of this,I still like school.  “school” 前不加 “the” 表示上学, 加 “the” 只表示学校
join:参加了某一种团体
take part in :参加某一种活动
attend : 出席
join the army : 参军
join the party : 入党
join us:(口)加入我们(这个团体)中来
join sb./sth.
take part in the race : 参加比赛
take part in a play
take part in the party
attend the meeting : 参加会议, 出席会议
attend the party : 出席宴会
attend the class : 上课
Thank you for your attending.谢谢大家的出席(到来)
Thank you for your listening.谢谢大家的听讲
This time : 这一次
a girl of seventeen
两种年龄的表达 :
She is eighteen years old.
She is a girl of eighteen.
must do : 1、必须做 =have to; 2、推测
in……(介词)穿着...样的衣服 ( 颜色、衣服)
用介词短语取代动词, 避免了一句话中出现两个动词
The boy in green.
in a bright red dress : 鲜红色的连衣裙
long black stocking : 长的黑色长筒袜
last year in another play(表示扮演过很多的角色)
had to : 必须(不能加介词, 动词原形)
bright,orange-coloured dress : 鲜艳的桔黄色衣服
ever==at any time : 任何时候(时间副词)
it must be : 一定(推测)
must 原形……对现在的推测
it……形式主语, 用不定式做真正的主语
grown up : (形容词短语)成年人
grow up : (人)成长
be grown-up : 作为一个成年人
must be thirty-five years old
当有人问你年龄时, 你可以这样回答 :
It is a secret/It is privacy.
I forget it. / twenty-nine
【Key structures】 关键句型
Must的用法 :
Must 原形…… (1)=have to “不得不, 必须”
(2)(对现在的)推测
在过去时的句子中, 要用have to 来表示 “必须”
have to……可以有任意时态
She will have to...[!--empirenews.page--]
She had to...
She has to...
She has/I have had to...
have to……作为实义动词, 否定式为don't have to
will not have to
didn't have to
对现在的推测 : must do
对过去的推测 : must have done
在 I think.he thinks...的从句中, 一定要用事实说话. (不能说成 “I think he must be a fool.” )
【Multiple choice questions】多项选择题
3 She must be at least thirty-five years old. In my opinion she ______ .
a.has b.is c.can d.must
(3)...b...
in one's opinion=I think “就某人看来” ,后面一定是事实
in one's opinion 常常取代 I think, I think太强调个人观点
【Special Difficulties】 难点
(a) As: As a young girl...(介词)"作为"
As I learned,...(as作代词用) “正如”
 As I am busy==because “由于”
As I was leaving the house...==when “当...时”
 Do as you are told.(the thing that)叫你怎么做就怎么做(按你被告知的那样去做) : as……方式状语从句的引导词
 I work as... “作为...工作”
(b) Dress,Suit,Costume:
dress : “裙子, 晚礼服, 连衣裙” (女式)
suit : “套装” (男式)
costume : “演出服, 民族服装, 某一年代所穿的服装”
(c)Grow,Grow up :
  grow : “长”
grow up : “生长, 成长” (指人)
Exercises B. Choose the correct words in the following sentences:
选择正确的词 :
1 Trees take a long time to(grow)(grow up).
2 My father bought a new(suit)(costume)recently
3 She hired a(suit)(costume)for the fancy-dress party.
4 Do you like my sister's new(dress)(costume)?
(1)...grow...
(2)...suit...
(3)...costume...
fancy-dress-party : 化妆舞会
  hire : 雇, 租
(4)...dress...
Must:推测; 必须=have to
【Multiple choice questions】多项选择题
1 The story about Jennifer suggests that ______ .
a.she is not too old to appear on stage as a young girl
b.she is too young to appear on stage as a young girl
c.she is the right age to appear on stage as a young girl
d.she is too old to appear on stage as a young girl
(1)...d...
suggest : 暗示
right age : 适合的年龄
too...to... : 太...以至于不能
2 One of these statements is true. Which one?
a.We know exactly how old Jennifer is.
b.We do not know exactly how old Jennifer is.
c.Jennifer is thirty-five years old.
d.Jennifer is over thirty-five years old.
(2)...b...
She must be...推测
  exactly:(副词) 确切地 exact words:确切的话 : What’s his exact words?
7 She had to wear short socks. It was ______ for her to wear them.
a.certain b.necessary c.important d.impossible
(7)...
it is a. to do... 形式主语 “某人做某件事情...”
It is troublesome to learn English. / It is easy to do sth.
  It is troublesome for us to learn English.
(for sb.)为逻辑主语
  have to do =sth is necessary(adj, necessarily adv)
You have to go home.=It is necessary for you to go home.
8 She often appears as a young girl. She ______ on the stage as a young girl.
a.is presented b.points c.show d.seems
(8).....
appear : 扮演,本意为 “出现, 显示”
  seems : 看起来, 似乎
  be on show : 展览, 演出 show : 显示, 给...看
  be presented : 出席 √(过去的习惯用法)
  be present : 出席(反义 : be absent : 缺席)
11 Men usually wear ______ .
a.socks instead of stockings b.stockings instead of socks
c.either socks or stockings d.neither socks nor stockings
(11)...a...
insteadof : 代替
sock : 短袜
either...or... : 或者...或者
stocking : 长筒袜(女用)
neither...nor... : 即不...也不...
in stead of 后面的词, 往往是没做或不做的事情
12 She is grown up. She is ______ .
a.very old b.an adolescent c.a teenage d.an adult
(12)....d...
grown ] adj.长大的, 成年的, 长满某物的
grown up :adj成年的,成熟的 n 成年人
  grow up; 成长
adolescent adj.青春期的(13-16岁), 青春的 n.青少年
adolescent criminal : 青春期犯罪
  teenager : 十几岁的人(10-20岁)男女青少年
adult : 成年人